The texts on

__Math Anxiety__invariably originates with the*standard textbooks*:- in the best cases because the
*standard textbooks*leave so much "going without saying" that*reason*has become invisible, - in the worst cases because the
*standard textbooks*have been gutted down to disconnected "facts and skills" so that no*reason*remains.

*standard textbooks*, see, for instance,**Hung-Hsi Wu**in the__response__of the Notices of the American Mathematical Society to__Why Do Americans Stink at Math?__, Elizabeth Green's New York Times article, in which he writes*If Americans do "stink" at math, clearly it is because they find the math in school to be unlearnable. [...] For the past four decades or so the mathematics contained in standard textbooks has played havoc with the teaching and learning of school mathematics.*- in the best cases because the
- Reducing learning mathematics to memorizing "facts and skills" does
not work as witnessed by the fact that "developmental mathematics", with*memorization*at its core, has now been in existence for some fifty years without having ever shown any sign of success---as measured by what happens to the students in*subsequent*courses. (That there is about no "longitudinal study" may thus not be an accident and, in fact, the only one I know of is.)**here** - Contrary to what most people believe, students and teachers alike, there is nothing inherently difficult in mathematics up to and including the "mathematics of change", also known as Differential Calculus, which everybody should be able to learn.
- The truth or falsehood of mathematical statements does
*not*originate in textbooks, or in teachers saying so, but because the*real world*makes them*necessarily*so.

So, in contrast with the currently available standard textbooks, the texts to be found on

**emphasize a very few very powerful ideas**on the basis of which everything finds its natural place and can then be questioned as thoroughly as the student feels without hitting a dead end,**appeal only to**and make no assumption of any kind about the students,*common sense***helping students convince themselves that statements need to be justified**and their truth supported with arguments,**pay extreme attention to the language**wich often impedes understanding.

Two more facts govern the development of the texts on

- In order to be usable in
**mathematics classes**, the texts to be found here were designed as parts of "bundles" suitable for "turnkey" classroom use in that they include, that is all that is needed,*ANCILLARIES*,*Homework*,*Classwork*,*Quizzes*,*Reviews*,*Review Discussions*, in a form that makes it easy for the instructor to follow and assess their students' progress as well as adjust the materials to their own situation.*Exams* *Mathematical exposition*is no one's "intellectual property". All the materials on**FreeMathTexts.org**can thus be freely downloaded, used, copied, distributed and modified under the terms of the__GNU Free Documentation License__.

There are of course other possible approaches to mathematical exposition. For instance,

Another one of the very few authors of texts off the beaten path and to be taken

More generally, there are several sites in which free but fairly standard mathematical texts can be found such as

If you are having trouble with links, downloads, ... or contents,